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Saturday, November 30, 2019

Meaning and Types of Assessment

Meaning and Types of Assessment
Meaning and Types of Assessment


What is Assessment?

The assessment cycle first plans and formulate a plan to teach students. Secondly, use the plan to effectively do the task of teaching. Thirdly, check whether outcomes the work is according to the plan and outcomes met or not? Lastly, teaches a way to use the learned knowledge.

Meaning of Assessment

Assessment is a process which follows a set of four components. These four stages or components are Plan, Do, Check and act. It is a process to evaluate the student’s performance. Besides, it is an orderly process. This uses a test to check the student’s performance. It divides into many types.

Types of Assessment


Formative Assessment

It is an essential part of teaching and learning. It does not add to the final marks given for the unit; instead, it put into learning through given advice. Also, it points out what is good about the work and what is not?

Similarly, it also affects what the students and teacher will plan in the future for learning.

Summative Assessment

It shows the amount of learners’ success in meeting the assessment. Also, it contributes to the final marks given for the unit. These are conducted at the end of units. In Addition, it provides data for selection for the next level.

The logic and dependability of summative assessment are of great importance. It can also provide information that has formative value.

Work Integrated Assessment

This type of assessment is where the tasks and situations are closely associated with what you experience. It helps to develop student’s skills and capabilities along with educational development.

Also, this helps and support educational staff to design genuine assessments. It designs according to the need of the teacher.

Diagnostic Assessment

Just like formative assessment, diagnostic assessments intended to improve learner’s knowledge. Besides, it looks backward rather than looking forward. It reviews what the learner knows and difficulty that they are facing in learning.

Not diagnosing these difficulties could limit their participation in learning. Often used when a problem arises or before it.

Dynamic Assessment

It measures what students can achieve when teaches about unfamiliar topic or field. An example can be teaching students Spanish for a short while. It helps to see how students who do not have any prior knowledge adopt it.

It can be helpful to review the potential for students who have a mainly underprivileged backdrop. Frequently it is used in advance of the main body of teaching.

Synoptic Assessment

It gives confidence students to unite elements of their learning from different parts of a plan and to show their build up knowledge and thoughtful of a topic or subject area.

It basically enables students to show their talents and skills. And it shows how in-depth knowledge they have about the subject. Basically, it helps in measuring the capacity to apply knowledge to understand the subject.

Criterion-referenced Assessment

The performance of every student is judged by a specific principle. It should be strictly seen that other student’s performance should not be taken into account.

In addition, the teacher should avoid normative thinking because it can affect judgment. Apart from that, the teacher should assure reliability and validity.

Ipsative Assessment

It measures the performance of the student in comparison to his previous performance. Also, it helps in keeping in check how well they are undertaking their tasks. Ipsative connect with efforts to enhance motivation to learn.

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